Little Rock Nine, Sep 1957-Oct 1958.

The UF College of Law and FSU College of Law Virgil D. Hawkins narrative is entirely and admittedly premised upon the belief that the Florida Supreme Court and the University of Florida were allowed to openly defy a U.S. Supreme Court order in the Hawkins case and that no one including the U.S. Supreme Court and the President of the United States did anything about it. Furthermore the narrative implicitly contends that this episode was such an embarrassing moment in American civil rights/Cold War jurisprudence that neither the press at the time nor the constitutional law books of yesteryear or today dared to mention it.

Yet even if this contention was true there would still be the court records and "Yes!" these court records do admittedly exist since even the pro-Hawkins/anti-Roberts crusaders regularly cite and quote from them (though very selectively), so why does the anti-Establishment fascist regime who has taken over our state's two most prominent public law schools continue to defend and promote such a revisionist sham of history in plain view of the four readily available, such as at the UF and FSU law school libraries, U.S. Supreme Court published reviews of the Hawkins case - 342 US 877 (1951) , 347 US 971 (1954),  350 US 413 (1956) and  355 US 839 (1957) - and other insurmountable court recorded evidence proving that neither B. K. Roberts nor the Florida Supreme Court had ever defied a U.S. Supreme Court order. Why are so many law school professors and students attracted to the Hawkins myth? Perhaps it gives these mannerly, butter-bellied academics an opportunity to travel back in time and prove to themselves and others how resolutely they would have stood up and fought against "injustice" and "ignorance" during the Jim Crow era as if all such battles today against injustice and ignorance can only be fought within academia not the streets, town square or the courtroom where most liberal academics never or seldom go other than to take a spectator or ivory tower selfie. 

How many FSU professors and administrators are in favor of renaming B.K. Roberts Hall? How many spoke at the two Florida Senate committee hearings last legislative session? Why didn't FSU President and former State Senator and Speaker of the House John Thrasher speak? A few FSU professors and administrators were in attendance but didn't bother to speak and thus publicly provide and commit to their supportive reasoning. Why is that ? Maybe it's because they don't want to take the chance of their students seeing them stutter, show their ignorance, say something embarrassing or just plain fall on their face as further evidenced by many UF and FSU law professors not even being members of the Florida Bar including FSU's College of Law Dean Erin O'Connor and UF's College of Law Dean Laura Rosenbury, i.e many of your law professors have never passed the Florida Bar exam!!!

This website,, not only provides a preponderance of verifiable historical evidence proving the current UF College of Law and FSU College of Law Virgil D. Hawkins narrative to be a complete sham, but the state university regime, despite any highly-glamorized advisory panels, has provided no evidence whatsoever to substantiate their bold claims. Every UF College of Law and FSU College of Law student who believes in their law school's present Hawkins narrative is in reality nothing more than a groveling regime coward and every UF College of Law and FSU College of Law professor who pushes or concedes to it is a pandering to BigBrother classroom bully who hasn't even bothered to do any structured or even rudimentary research on the matter which is in their field and which strikes right at the center of a defenseless and deceased man's hard-earned good reputation as well as that of his family's and former law partners', many of whom still live in the Tallahassee area. B.K. Roberts Hall was dedicated in 1973 and B. K. Roberts died in 1999, so why weren't any of today's racial objections brought up during that 26-year period so that Justice Roberts could defend himself? Many will lead you to believe that Tallahassee in the 1980s and 1990's was still an overwhelming "white supremacist" society, yet many of today's pro-Hawkins/anti-Roberts crusaders were established professional adults back then as well as being established in their causes, such as the Virgil D. Hawkins cause, plus you could ask Roberts the necessary questions without him ever knowing what your views were. I believe that people like Harley Herman and Danni Vogt did not question B.K. Roberts on the Hawkins case, not because of any potential backlash during the post-civil rights era, but because they were afraid that Roberts might be more than able to prove their assumptions and beliefs wrong and that Roberts might still be in possession of court records and other documents that he would then make public. Herman and Vogt are UF law school and FSU law school graduates and despite their notable and open enthusiasm for the Hawkins narrative it nevertheless seems that in the back of their minds it must be hard to fully believe that the U.S. Supreme Court would ever allow a party or court to defy one of its school desegregation orders during the Jim Crow era, which is what the entire Hawkins narrative is premised upon as well as upon Hawkins' presumed honesty.


Renaming B.K. Roberts Hall on false allegations and mob rhetoric brought 21 years after Roberts passed away and 47 years after the hall was dedicated would be no different than appeasing this same FSU mob by letting them next sledgehammer his grave and tombstone to the wild cheers of "Vires, Artes, Mores". Where will such unsupported ideology and nihilistic activism lead us?


The Little Rock Nine incident, a dramatic, internationally followed Cold War event occurring from September 1957 – October 1958, entirely encompassed both the entirety of Hawkins' unappealed federal trial court case which ended in June 1958 and the above cited October 14, 1957 U.S. Supreme Court ruling, 355 US 839 (1957), which brought Hawkins from a state trial court, 1949-1957, to a federal trial court. Read the following Eisenhower presidential papers to be assured that every time a school board or university anywhere in the South defied a federal court order, not just a U.S. Supreme Court order, during the Eisenhower administration, 1953-1961, President Eisenhower sent in federal troops to enforce the federal court order (also see and hear at 43:06 of the "60 Years of Desegregation at UF" video under this website's first transparent blue slider "Truth, Lies, Videotape" where George Starke, Jr. mentions the presence of federal troops on school campuses to ensure Black student safety and listen to his overall presentation to learn of the continuous protection he received during his time at UF, furthermore Fred Levin, who UF's College of Law is named after and who Mr. Starke mentions in his presentation, wrote in his autobiography "And Give Up ShowBiz?" about the federal marshals at UF's law school protecting Mr. Starke, his fellow 1958 UF law school classmate), yet despite such irrefutable events as the Little Rock Nine incident which occurred during many of our UF College of Law and FSU College of Law professors' lifetimes, today's 100% fake news UF College of Law and FSU College of Law Hawkins narrative ridiculously and shamefully lives on.


University of Michigan - Public Papers of the U.S. Presidents: Dwight D. Eisenhower, 1953-1961.

May 19, 1954 - Item 115, p 489-492. A press conference.

This Wednesday, May 19, 1954 press conference occurred two days after the Brown I decision was announced and on Page 491 President Eisenhower states, “The Supreme Court has spoken and I am sworn to uphold the constitutional processes in this country; and I will obey.”


September 11, 1957 - Item 188, p 673-674.

Arkansas Governor Orval E. Faubus – “All good citizens must, of course, obey all proper orders of our Courts and it is certainly my desire to comply with the order that has been issued by the District Court in this case, consistent with my responsibilities under the Constitution of the United States, and that of Arkansas.”


September 14, 1957 - Item 189, p 674-675.

President Eisenhower - "At the request of Governor Faubus of Arkansas I met with him this morning in a constructive discussion regarding the carrying out of the orders of the Federal Court in the matter of the high schools of Little Rock."


September 21, 1957 - Item 193, p 678-679. 

President Eisenhower - "As I said this morning, I am confident that the citizens of the City of Little Rock and the State of Arkansas will welcome this opportunity to demonstrate that in their city and in their state proper orders of a United States Court will be executed promptly and without disorder."


September 23, 1957 - Item 197, p 689.

President Eisenhower - 

1. The Federal law and orders of a United States District Court implementing that law cannot be flouted with impunity by any individual or any mob of extremists.

2. I will use the full power of the United States including whatever force may be necessary to prevent any obstruction of the law to carry out the orders of the Federal Court.


September 24, 1957 - Item 198, p 689-694.

President Eisenhower - "I could have spoken from Rhode Island, where I have been staying recently, but I felt that, in speaking from the house of Lincoln, of Jackson and of Wilson, my words would better convey both the sadness I feel in the action I was compelled to take and the firmness with which I intend to pursue this course until the orders of the Federal Court at Little Rock can be executed without unlawful interference.", 


"Whenever normal agencies prove inadequate to the task and it becomes necessary for the Executive Branch of the Federal Government to use its powers and authority to uphold Federal Courts, the President's responsibility is inescapable.

In accordance with that responsibility, I have today issued an Executive Order directing the use of troops under Federal authority to aid in the execution of Federal law at Little Rock, Arkansas. This became necessary when my Proclamation of yesterday was not observed, and the obstruction of justice still continues.

It is important that the reasons for my action be understood by all our citizens.", 


"The very basis of our individual rights and freedoms rests upon the certainty that the President and the Executive Branch of Government will support and insure the carrying out of the decisions of the Federal Courts, even, when necessary with all the means at the President's command.

Unless the President did so, anarchy would result.

There would be no security for any except that which each one of us could provide for himself." and


"If resistance  to the Federal Court orders ceases at once, the further presence of Federal troops will be unnecessary and the City of Little Rock will return to its normal habits of peace and order and a blot upon the fair name and high honor of our nation in the world will be removed.

Thus will be restored the image of America and of all its parts as one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."


October 1, 1957 - Item 205, p 701-702. As this item, Item 205, shows our governor at the time, Florida Governor Leroy Collins, was on Eisenhower's side and was one of the four Southern governors trying to convince Arkansas Governor Orval E. Faubus to comply with the Federal Court order in the Little Rock Central High School case, yet today many Hawkins advocates are trying to convince the Florida Legislature to promote the removal of B. K. Roberts name from the main FSU law school building by arguing that during the Eisenhower administration Florida was openly allowed to defy and per state government policy ignore the U.S. Supreme Court's orders in the Hawkins case when in fact as the historical record shows the exact opposite happened.

President Eisenhower - "I want to commend the Governors representing the Southern Governors Conference for their cooperative attitude at the meeting today. I hope that they will continue their efforts, as will the Federal Government, to bring about a basis for the withdrawal of Federal forces in Little Rock and the orderly carrying out of the orders of the District Court." and 

Footnote: "Earlier on October 1 a White House statement announced that the President had met with Governor LeRoy Collins of Florida , Governor Luther Hodges of North Caroline, Governor Theodore McKeldin of Maryland, and Governor Frank Clement of Tennessee. The statement continued as follows: "At the meeting the Governors informed the President that the Governor of Arkansas had authorized them to state that he is prepared to assume full responsibility for maintaining law and order in Little Rock and, in connection therewith, will not obstruct the orders of the Federal Courts.  ... " 


October 3, 1957 - Item 207, p 704-716. A press conference.

President Eisenhower - "The Southern Governors' Committee [including Governor LeRoy Collins of Florida] that visited me, while unquestionably as they stated on the television disappointed by what happened, nevertheless are not completely hopeless and are pursuing the purpose for which they were originally appointed by the Southern Governors' Conference.", 

"[The Federal troops] are there to uphold the courts of the land under a law that was passed in 1792 because it was early discovered that unless we supported the courts in whose hands are all our freedoms and our liberties, our protection against autocratic government, then the kind of government set up by our forefathers simply would not work.",


"Now, the people that visited me, the governors [including Governor LeRoy Collins of Florida], understand this responsibility that is on the Executive, on the President, in this connection. They are aware of it themselves. They themselves opposed and differed with the decision of the Supreme Court. They don't like it. They are doing their duty as good citizens and responsible officials. They were helpful, cooperative and I must say excited my admiration as citizens who wanted to do their duty even when disagreeable.", 


"Frank van der Linden, Richmond Times Dispatch - "Sir, should we interpret your statement of principles here in which you say that you are obligated to use whatever means may be required, as meaning that if a situation like this arises in any other part of the South, you will feel obligated to move in the federal troops?"

President Eisenhower - "I don't want to be intimating the Supreme Court, but I don't think it is wise to try to answer hypothetical questions. Each on of these cases is different. ... But I just say this: the courts must be sustained or it's not America."" and 


"The people that are defying the courts are doing so under a very mistaken notion of what can happen, because if we can with impunity defy successfully the orders of the court in one regard, we can in all regards."


May 8, 1958 - Item 98, p 387-388.  

President Eisenhower - "Since last September the Federal Government has stationed soldiers at the Little Rock High School to prevent obstruction of the orders of the United States District Court."


August 20, 1958 - Item 214, p 631-632.  

President Eisenhower - "My feelings are exactly as they were a year ago. As I said then:

"The very basis of our individual rights and freedoms rests upon the certainty that the President and the Executive Branch of Government will support and insure the carrying out of the decisions of the Federal Courts.""


September 12, 1958 - Item 262, p 701.   

President Eisenhower - "All of us know that if an individual, a community or a state is going to continuously and successfully defy the rulings of the Courts, then anarchy results."


September 25, 1958 - Item 267, p 705-706.   

President Eisenhower - "I deeply regret the action of Virginia and Arkansas in closing schools that are subject to integration orders of the Federal Courts."


October 1, 1958 - Item 275, p 722.   The referenced U.S. Supreme Court opinion is the Little Rock High School opinion styled, Cooper v. Aaron, 358 US 1 (1958), which was announced on Monday, September 29, 1958.

President Eisenhower - "The [U.S.] Supreme Court, in its opinion rendered Monday, once again has spoken with unanimity on the matter of equality of opportunity for education in the nation's public schools. It is incumbent upon all Americans, public officials and private citizens alike, to recognize their duty of complying with the rulings of the highest court in the land. Any other course, as I have said before, would be fraught with grave consequences to our nation."